Tucson is a beautiful city in the United States, situated in Prima County in Arizona. It is the second-largest city in Arizona and houses the University of Arizona. Tucson is often referred to as "The Old Pueblo."
The Tucson region was initially inhabited by the Paleo-Indians, known to reside in Arizona about 12,000 years ago. The early times witnessed the occupation of Tucson to be making pottery vessels for cooking and storage. The city has developed tremendously ever since. Tucson was officially incorporated as a city in 1877, making it the oldest city incorporated in Arizona and served as its territorial capital.
Tucson witnessed silver and copper at Tombstone and Bisbee, respectively, which promoted its growth as a city. Also, the Southern Pacific Railroad construction in the late 1800s accelerated the city's growth and development. Tucson was Arizona's largest commercial center and the largest city during the early territorial and statehood time.
The majority of the economic development of Tucson is centered around the University of Arizona. The University of Arizona, which was founded in 1855, is the largest employer in Tucson. Along with this, the Southern Pacific Railroad's arrival in 1880 signified Tucson's advent into the modern world. The most famous building in the city of Tucson is the Cathedral of St. Augustine that was built in 1868 and renovated in 1897, making it one of the most historic buildings in the city. The old Pima County courthouse, which was constructed in 1929, continues to be one of the most recognized and remarkable landmarks of the city.
The city's population skyrocketed post World War 2, and it became the geographic center of the region. The invention of air conditioning post the Second World war spurted the economic growth and the city's development. This also led to a surge of investments into the city and aided the tremendous progress of Tucson. The establishment of the passenger train connected to Tucson for the first time in 1880 also contributed majorly to the city's growth and development.
There is evidence that some of the earliest cultivation of corn comes from the city of Tucson. There have been 4000 years old kernels that are recovered by the archeologists with 60 miles of the city. Also, Tucson boasts an iconic mountain called Sentinel Peak and is one of the most beautiful spots in the city. Tucson's city has allowed astronomy to develop majorly as the city boasts of a dark sky and suffers less light pollution, which has attracted many astronomers to do their astronomical studies at the city.
Copper mining has been a vital component of the city's economy. During the 1970s, almost everyone amongst twenty Tucson residents was a copper miner, and the mining industry continued to grow and develop immensely since the 1990s. The Tucson city focused on diversifying its economy. The establishment of the Davis-Monthan Air Force base and the University of Arizona contributed to the city's growth in banking and other high tech service industries.
Currently, the Tucson economy constitutes diverse sectors such as tourism, arts, high-tech, and manufacturing. Tucson is also known for the massive presence of ballet, live theater, opera, and symphony, and it is often called the home for these exceptional arts. The dependable and dry climate of Tucson has made it favorable for the growth of the tourism sector. AlliedSignal,Burr-Brown, 3M,Krueger Industries, Inc, Environmental Air Products, Inc.,Weiser Lock,and Raytheon Missile Systems Company are some of the large manufacturing industries that have developed the manufacturing sector of the city.
Also, Tucson has actively engaged in the expansion of the high-tech industry and has more than 300 local companies in the technology sector. They grow high tech industry areas are aerospace, bioindustry, environmental technology, and plastics. Tucson has also become a hub for international trade in the region with the export of products such as agricultural products, aircraft products, beer, liquor, electronic equipment, steel castings, fabrics, radios, and many more.
Tucson today is a favorably progressing city with a high standard of living, fantastic climate, and a city with an excellent economy and hence is one of the best places to live, work and lead a life. Some of the most historical places in the city are Saguaro National Park, Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum, Pima Air Space and Museum, and many more.